American Roaches

American Roaches
  • Color: Reddish-brown, with a yellowish figure 8 pattern on the back of the head
  • Legs: Six
  • Shape: Oval
  • Size: 2" long
  • Flying: Rare winged swarmers
  • Region: Found throughout the U.S. and world
  • Description: The American cockroach is the largest of the house-infesting cockroaches. Despite its name, the American cockroach is not native to North America, but was probably introduced via ships from Africa in the 1600s.

    Habits: American cockroaches often enter structures through drains and pipes. They are more active when the temperature is 70 degrees or higher, but they can survive lower temperatures with the right conditions.

    Habitat: Although American cockroaches can be found in homes, they are also common in larger commercial buildings such grocery stores, food processing plants and hospitals. American roaches are also known to infest basements, yards and alleys.

    Threats: American roaches have been reported to spread at least 33 kinds of bacteria, six kinds of parasitic worms and at least seven other kinds of human pathogens. They can pick up germs on the spines of their legs and bodies as they crawl through decaying matter or sewage and then carry these into food or onto food surfaces. Recent medical studies have shown that cockroach allergens cause allergies and exacerbate asthma attacks, especially in children and those living in metro-city areas. As with other species of roaches, American cockroaches can pose a threat to individuals with allergies.

    Prevention: The best advice for American cockroach control is to practice good sanitation. To prevent American cockroaches from infesting your space, vacuum often, keep a spotless kitchen, seal all entrances around utility pipes and ventilate crawl spaces to prevent moisture buildup. If there is evidence of a cockroach infestation, contact a licensed pest professional to inspect and treat the American roach problem.


    Brownbanded Roaches

    Brownbanded Rocaches
  • Color:Brown, with pronounced banding across wings
  • Legs: Six
  • Shape: Oval
  • Size: 1/2" inches long
  • Antennae: Yes
  • Region: Found throughout U.S.
  • Description: Brown-banded cockroaches get their name from the two lighter bands they have across their dark brownish bodies. Male brown-banded roaches have full wings that reach beyond the tip of their pointed abdomens, but females have underdeveloped wings that prohibit them from flying. The brown-banded cockroach can live for about 206 days.

    • Size ranges from one-fourth inch for a worker ant to up to three-fourths inch for a queen in the most common species.
    • May range from red to black in color.
    • Build nests in deteriorating, moist wood; often the colony will extend its nest into adjacent, sound wood.
    • Are commonly found in porch pillars and roofs, window sills, telephone poles, live and dead trees, rotting logs and stumps and wood in contact with soil.
    • Do not actually eat the wood removed during nest-building activities; rather, deposit it outside entrances to the colony in small piles.

    Habits: Brown-banded cockroaches can be found throughout structures, but show a preference for drier locations and warmer areas over 80 degrees. Brown-banded cockroaches often hide their egg cases in or under furniture.

    Habitat: Brown-banded cockroaches tend to prefer higher locations than most cockroach species and are often found in upper cabinets in kitchens and bathrooms.

    Threats: Brown-branded roaches have been reported to spread at least 33 kinds of bacteria, six kinds of parasitic worms and at least seven other kinds of human pathogens. They can pick up germs on the spines of their legs and bodies as they crawl through decaying matter or sewage and then carry these into food or onto food surfaces. Recent medical studies have shown that cockroach allergens cause allergies and exacerbate asthma attacks, especially in children. And brown-banded cockroaches have been identified as a species of roach that can cause such reactions.

    Prevention: Wondering how to get rid of brown-banded cockroaches? The best advice for brown-banded cockroach control is to practice good sanitation. To prevent brown-banded cockroaches from infesting your space, vacuum often, keep a spotless kitchen, seal all entrances around utility pipes and ventilate crawl spaces to prevent moisture buildup. If there is evidence of a cockroach infestation, contact a licensed pest professional to inspect and treat the brown-banded cockroach problem.


    German Roaches

    German Roaches
  • Color: Light brown to tan, with two dark, almost parallel stripes located on their backs, just behind their heads
  • Legs: Six
  • Shape: Oval
  • Size: ½"-5/8" long
  • Antennae: Yes
  • Region: Found throughout the United States
  • Description: The German cockroach is the most common species of the cockroach. German cockroaches can breed at a rate of up to six generations per year. The German cockroach can fit through an opening as small as 3/8 inch in width.

    Habits: German cockroaches will feed on almost anything, including soap, glue and toothpaste. German cockroaches are good hitchhikers and often find their way into new structures via grocery bags, cardboard boxes, drink cartons and secondhand appliances.

    Habitat: German cockroaches prefer to live in warm, humid places close to food and moisture sources. They are frequently found in residential and commercial kitchen environments, and bathrooms.

    Threats: In addition to being a nuisance, the German cockroach has been implicated in outbreaks of illness and allergic reactions in many people. Cockroaches have been reported to spread at least 33 kinds of bacteria, six kinds of parasitic worms and at least seven other kinds of human pathogens. They can pick up germs on the spines of their legs and bodies as they crawl through decaying matter or sewage and then carry these into food or onto food surfaces. Medical studies have shown that German cockroach allergens cause allergic reactions and can exacerbate asthma attacks, especially in children. This makes German cockroach control incredibly vital.

    Prevention: Wondering how to get rid of German cockroaches? The best advice for German cockroach control is to practice good sanitation. To prevent German cockroaches from infesting the space, vacuum often, keep a spotless kitchen, seal all entrances around utility pipes and ventilate crawl spaces to prevent moisture buildup. If there is evidence of a cockroach infestation, contact a licensed pest professional to inspect and treat the German cockroach problem.



    Source: National Pest Management Association